Wilfried Sanchez

Deputy Scientific Director

Direction Scientifique (PDG-DS)

Contact form

Employer : Ifremer

Site : Sete

Postal address : Station de Sète - Avenue Jean Monnet - CS 30171 - 34203 Sète Cedex

URL : https://annuaire.ifremer.fr/cv/25386/en/



Pesce Stéphane, Mamy Laure, Achard Anne-Laure, Le Gall Morgane, Le Perchec Sophie, Réchauchère Olivier, Tibi Anaïs, Leenhardt Sophie, Sanchez Wilfried (2021). Collective scientific assessment as a relevant tool to inform public debate and policymaking: an illustration about the effects of plant protection products on biodiversity and ecosystem services . Environmental Science And Pollution Research , 28(28), 38448-38454 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-14863-w
Huvet Arnaud, Sanchez Wilfried, Pouvreau Stephane, Fabioux Caroline (2021). L'huître, cette sentinelle témoin d’un littoral à préserver . Encyclopédie de l’Environnement , 10p. Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00729/84082/


Slaveykova Vera I., Couture Patrice, Duquesne Sabine, D’hugues Patrick, Sánchez Wilfried (2019). Recycling, reuse, and circular economy: a challenge for ecotoxicological research . Environmental Science And Pollution Research , 26(21), 22097-22100 . Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-019-04626-z , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00499/61048/


Sanchez Wilfried, Egea Emilie (2018). Health and environmental risks associated with emerging pollutants and novel green processes . Environmental Science And Pollution Research , 25(7), 6085-6086 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-018-1372-0
Egea Emilie, Sanchez Wilfried, Garrigues Philippe, Bayeta Gela Alemayehu, Arce Andres, Beaurepaire Alexis, Boily Monique, Bonmatin Jean-Marc, Bouga Maria, Branchiccela María Belén, Garrido Paula Melisa, Le Conte Yves, Maderson Siobhan, Mc Afee Alison, Medici De Mattos Igor, Ming-Xian Yang, Moritz Robin, Neumann Peter, Proffit Magali, Schatz Bertrand, Stoić Marko, Younger Pauleen Maria (2018). The Rovaltain Foundation Engages in Pollinator Health . Bee World , 95(1), 20-21 . https://doi.org/10.1080/0005772X.2017.1408932
Bost Muriel, Sanchez Wilfried (2018). Ecotoxicology and toxicology: problems and decisions . Environmental Science And Pollution Research , 25(3), 2005-2006 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-017-1044-5


Santos Raphael, Joyeux Aude, Besnard Aurélien, Blanchard Christophe, Halkett Cedric, Bony Sylvie, Sanchez Wilfried, Devaux Alain (2017). An integrative approach to assess ecological risks of surface water contamination for fish populations . Environmental Pollution , 220(Part.A), 588-596 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2016.10.007


Le Guernic Antoine, Sanchez Wilfried, Palluel Olivier, Bado-Nilles Anne, Floriani Magali, Turies Cyril, Chadili Edith, Della Vedova Claire, Cavalie Isabelle, Adam-Guillermin Christelle, Porcher Jean-Marc, Geffard Alain, Betoulle Stephane, Gagnaire Beatrice (2016). Acclimation capacity of the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus, L.) to a sudden biological stress following a polymetallic exposure . Ecotoxicology , 25(8), 1478-1499 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-016-1699-6
Le Guernic Antoine, Sanchez Wilfried, Bado-Nilles Anne, Palluel Olivier, Turies Cyril, Chadili Edith, Cavalie Isabelle, Delahaut Laurence, Adam-Guillermin Christelle, Porcher Jean-Marc, Geffard Alain, Betoulle Stephane, Gagnaire Beatrice (2016). In situ effects of metal contamination from former uranium mining sites on the health of the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus, L.) . Ecotoxicology , 25(6), 1234-1259 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-016-1677-z
Maes Virginie, Betoulle Stephane, Jaffal Ali, Dedourge-Geffard Odile, Delahaut Laurence, Geffard Alain, Palluel Olivier, Sanchez Wilfried, Paris-Palacios Severine, Vettier Aurelie, David Elise (2016). Juvenile roach (Rutilus rutilus) increase their anaerobic metabolism in response to copper exposure in laboratory conditions . Ecotoxicology , 25(5), 900-913 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-016-1648-4
Santos Raphael, Joyeux Aude, Palluel Olivier, Palos-Ladeiro Melissa, Besnard Aurélien, Blanchard Christophe, Porcher Jean Marc, Bony Sylvie, Devaux Alain, Sanchez Wilfried (2016). Characterization of a genotoxicity biomarker in three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.): Biotic variability and integration in a battery of biomarkers for environmental monitoring . Environmental Toxicology , 31(4), 415-426 . https://doi.org/10.1002/tox.22055
Le Guernic Antoine, Sanchez Wilfried, Palluel Olivier, Bado-Nilles Anne, Turies Cyril, Chadili Edith, Cavalie Isabelle, Adam-Guillermin Christelle, Porcher Jean-Marc, Geffard Alain, Betoulle Stephane, Gagnaire Beatrice (2016). In situ experiments to assess effects of constraints linked to caging on ecotoxicity biomarkers of the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.) . Fish Physiology And Biochemistry , 42(2), 643-657 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10695-015-0166-2


Bado-Nilles Anne, Jolly Sabrina, Lamand Florent, Geffard Alain, Gagnaire Beatrice, Turies Cyril, Porcher Jean-Marc, Sanchez Wilfried, Betoulle Stephane (2015). Involvement of fish immunomarkers in environmental biomonitoring approach: Urban and agri-viticultural context . Ecotoxicology And Environmental Safety , 120, 35-40 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2015.05.021
Dupuy Celie, Galland Claire, Pichereau Vianney, Sanchez Wilfried, Riso Ricardo, Labonne Maylis, Amara Rachid, Charrier Gregory, Fournier Michel, Laroche Jean (2015). Assessment of the European flounder responses to chemical stress in the English Channel, considering biomarkers and life history traits . Marine Pollution Bulletin , 95(2), 634-645 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.11.033
Bado-Nilles Anne, Villeret Melanie, Geffard Alain, Palluel Olivier, Blanchard Christophe, Le Rohic Cindy, Besson Sylvain, Porcher Jean-Marc, Minier Christophe, Sanchez Wilfried (2015). Recommendations to design environmental monitoring in the European bullhead, Cottus sp., based on reproductive cycle and immunomarker measurement . Marine Pollution Bulletin , 95(2), 576-581 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.12.055
Bado-Nilles Anne, Diallo Alpha-Oumar, Marlair Guy, Pandard Pascal, Chabot Laure, Geffard Alain, Len Christophe, Porcher Jean-Marc, Sanchez Wilfried (2015). Coupling of OECD standardized test and immunomarkers to select the most environmentally benign ionic liquids option-Towards an innovative "safety by design" approach . Journal Of Hazardous Materials , 283, 202-210 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2014.09.023
Gagnaire Beatrice, Bado-Nilles Anne, Betoulle Stephane, Amara Rachid, Camilleri Virginie, Cavalie Isabelle, Chadili Edith, Delahaut Laurence, Kerambrun Elodie, Orjollet Daniel, Palluel Olivier, Sanchez Wilfried (2015). Former uranium mine-induced effects in caged roach: a multiparametric approach for the evaluation of in situ metal toxicity . Ecotoxicology , 24(1), 215-231 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-014-1374-8
Jaffal Ali, Betoulle Stephane, Biagianti-Risbourg Sylvie, Terreau Alexandre, Sanchez Wilfried, Paris-Palacios Severine (2015). Heavy metal contamination and hepatic toxicological responses in brown trout (Salmo trutta) from the Kerguelen Islands . Polar Research , 34(22784), 14p. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.3402/polar.v34.22784 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00499/61109/
Dris Rachid, Imhof Hannes, Sanchez Wilfried, Gasperi Johnny, Galgani Francois, Tassin Bruno, Laforsch Christian (2015). Beyond the ocean: contamination of freshwater ecosystems with (micro-)plastic particles . Environmental Chemistry , 12(5), 539-550 . https://doi.org/10.1071/EN14172


Jolly S., Jaffal A., Delahaut L., Palluel O., Porcher J. -M., Geffard A., Sanchez Wilfried, Betoulle S. (2014). Effects of aluminium and bacterial lipopolysaccharide on oxidative stress and immune parameters in roach, Rutilus rutilus L. Environmental Science And Pollution Research , 21(22), 13103-13117 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-014-3227-7
Cardoso Olivier, Porcher Jean-Marc, Sanchez Wilfried (2014). Factory-discharged pharmaceuticals could be a relevant source of aquatic environment contamination: Review of evidence and need for knowledge . Chemosphere , 115, 20-30 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.02.004
Gagnaire Beatrice, Bado-Nilles Anne, Sanchez Wilfried (2014). Depleted Uranium Disturbs Immune Parameters in Zebrafish, Danio rerio: An Ex Vivo/In Vivo Experiment . Archives Of Environmental Contamination And Toxicology , 67(3), 426-435 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-014-0022-x
Bado-Nilles A., Techer R., Porcher J. M., Geffard A., Gagnaire Beatrice, Betoulle S., Sanchez Wilfried (2014). Detection of immunotoxic effects of estrogenic and androgenic endocrine disrupting compounds using splenic immune cells of the female three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus (L.) . Environmental Toxicology And Pharmacology , 38(2), 672-683 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2014.08.002
Carvalho Raquel N., Arukwe Augustine, Ait-Aissa Selim, Bado-Nilles Anne, Balzamo Stefania, Baun Anders, Belkin Shimshon, Blaha Ludek, Brion Francois, Conti Daniela, Creusot Nicolas, Essig Yona, Ferrero Valentina E. V., Flander-Putrle Vesna, Furhacker Maria, Grillari-Voglauer Regina, Hogstrand Christer, Jonas Adam, Kharlyngdoh Joubert B., Loos Robert, Lundebye Anne-Katrine, Modig Carina, Olsson Per-Erik, Pillai Smitha, Polak Natasa, Potalivo Monica, Sanchez Wilfried, Schifferli Andrea, Schirmer Kristin, Sforzini Susanna, Sturzenbaum Stephen R., Softeland Liv, Turk Valentina, Viarengo Aldo, Werner Inge, Yagur-Kroll Sharon, Zounkova Radka, Lettieri Teresa (2014). Mixtures of Chemical Pollutants at European Legislation Safety Concentrations: How Safe Are They? Toxicological Sciences , 141(1), 218-233 . Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfu118 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00499/61115/
Creusot Nicolas, Ait-Aissa Selim, Tapie Nathalie, Pardon Patrick, Brion Francois, Sanchez Wilfried, Thybaud Eric, Porcher Jean-Marc, Budzinski Helene (2014). Identification of Synthetic Steroids in River Water Downstream from Pharmaceutical Manufacture Discharges Based on a Bioanalytical Approach and Passive Sampling . Environmental Science & Technology , 48(7), 3649-3657 . https://doi.org/10.1021/es405313r
Santos Raphael, Palos-Ladeiro Melissa, Besnard Aurélien, Vulliet Emmanuelle, Porcher Jean Marc, Bony Sylvie, Devaux Alain, Sanchez Wilfried (2014). Kinetic response of a genotoxicity biomarker in the three-spined stickleback and implication for environmental monitoring . Ecotoxicology And Environmental Safety , 102, 6-11 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2014.01.006
Lance Emilie, Petit Anais, Sanchez Wilfried, Paty Christelle, Gerard Claudia, Bormans Myriam (2014). Evidence of trophic transfer of microcystins from the gastropod Lymnaea stagnalis to the fish Gasterosteus aculeatus . Harmful Algae , 31, 9-17 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hal.2013.09.006
Bado-Nilles Anne, Jolly Sabrina, Porcher Jean-Marc, Palluel Olivier, Geffard Alain, Gagnaire Beatrice, Betoulle Stephane, Sanchez Wilfried (2014). Applications in environmental risk assessment of leucocyte apoptosis, necrosis and respiratory burst analysis on the European bullhead, Cottus sp. Environmental Pollution , 184, 9-17 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.07.049
Sanchez Wilfried, Bender Coline, Porcher Jean-Marc (2014). Wild gudgeons (Gobio gobio) from French rivers are contaminated by microplastics: Preliminary study and first evidence . Environmental Research , 128, 98-100 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2013.11.004


Gagnaire Beatrice, Bado-Nilles A., Betoulle S., Sanchez Wilfried (2013). Effects of depleted uranium on immune parameters of zebrafish, Danio rerio, measured by flow cytometry . Journal of Xenobiotics , 3(1S), e3 (2p.) . Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.4081/xeno.2013.s1.e3 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00500/61182/
Santos R., Palos-Ladeiro M., Besnard Alban, Reggio J., Vulliet E., Porcher J. M., Bony S., Sanchez Wilfried, Devaux A. (2013). Parental exposure to methyl methane sulfonate of three-spined stickleback: contribution of DNA damage in male and female germ cells to further development impairment in progeny . Ecotoxicology , 22(5), 815-824 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-013-1088-3
Villeret Melanie, Jolly Sabrina, Wiest Laure, Vulliet Emmanuelle, Bado-Nilles Anne, Porcher Jean-Marc, Betoulle Stephane, Minier Christophe, Sanchez Wilfried (2013). A potential biomarker of androgen exposure in European bullhead (Cottus sp.) kidney . Fish Physiology And Biochemistry , 39(3), 573-580 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10695-012-9720-3
Sanchez Wilfried, Burgeot Thierry, Porcher Jean-Marc (2013). A novel "Integrated Biomarker Response" calculation based on reference deviation concept . Environmental Science And Pollution Research , 20(5), 2721-2725 . Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-1359-1 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00139/25069/
Bado-Nilles Anne, Betoulle Stephane, Geffard Alain, Porcher Jean-Marc, Gagnaire Beatrice, Sanchez Wilfried (2013). Flow cytometry detection of lysosomal presence and lysosomal membrane integrity in the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.) immune cells: applications in environmental aquatic immunotoxicology. Environmental Science And Pollution Research , 20(5), 2692-2704 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-1410-2
Santos R., Palos-Ladeiro M., Besnard A., Porcher J. M., Bony S., Sanchez Wilfried, Devaux A. (2013). Relationship between DNA damage in sperm after ex vivo exposure and abnormal embryo development in the progeny of the three-spined stickleback . Reproductive Toxicology , 36, 6-11 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.reprotox.2012.11.004
Milinkovitch Thomas, Imbert Nathalie, Sanchez Wilfried, Le Floch Stephane, Thomas-Guyon Helene (2013). Toxicological effects of crude oil and oil dispersant: Biomarkers in the heart of the juvenile golden grey mullet (Liza aurata) . Ecotoxicology And Environmental Safety , 88, 1-8 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2012.10.029


Ndiaye Awa, Sanchez Wilfried, Durand Jean-Dominique, Budzinski Helene, Palluel Olivier, Diouf Khady, Ndiaye Papa, Panfili Jacques (2012). Multiparametric approach for assessing environmental quality variations in West African aquatic ecosystems using the black-chinned tilapia (Sarotherodon melanotheron) as a sentinel species . Environmental Science And Pollution Research , 19(9), 4133-4147 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-0979-9
Kerambrun E., Henry F., Marechal A., Sanchez Wilfried, Minier C., Filipuci I., Amara R. (2012). A multibiomarker approach in juvenile turbot, Scophthalmus maximus, exposed to contaminated sediments . Ecotoxicology And Environmental Safety , 80, 45-53 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2012.02.010
Sanchez Wilfried, Burgeot Thierry, Perceval Olivier (2012). Perspectives from the French workshop on the development and validation of biomarkers and bioassays for the monitoring of aquatic environments . Environmental Science and Pollution Research , 19(4), 1345-1347 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-012-0789-0
Jolly Sabrina, Bado-Nilles Anne, Lamand Florent, Turies Cyril, Chadili Edith, Porcher Jean-Marc, Betoulle Stephane, Sanchez Wilfried (2012). Multi-biomarker approach in wild European bullhead, Cottus sp., exposed to agricultural and urban environmental pressures: Practical recommendations for experimental design . Chemosphere , 87(7), 675-683 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.12.055
Kerambrun E., Le Floch Stephane, Sanchez Wilfried, Guyon H. Thomas, Meziane T., Henry F., Amara R. (2012). Responses of juvenile sea bass, Dicentrarchus labrax, exposed to acute concentrations of crude oil, as assessed by molecular and physiological biomarkers . Chemosphere , 87(7), 692-702 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.12.059
Sanchez Wilfried, Bado-Nilles Anne, Porcher Jean-Marc (2012). Biomarqueurs chez le poisson : un outil d’intérêt pour le contrôle d’enquète . Houille Blanche-revue Internationale De L Eau , (2), 49-54 . https://doi.org/10.1051/lhb/2012015
Dorts Jennifer, Bauwin Aurelie, Kestemont Patrick, Jolly Sabrina, Sanchez Wilfried, Silvestre Frederic (2012). Proteasome and antioxidant responses in Cottus gobio during a combined exposure to heat stress and cadmium . Comparative Biochemistry And Physiology C-toxicology & Pharmacology , 155(2), 318-324 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2011.10.003


Sanchez Wilfried, Sremski William, Piccini Benjamin, Palluel Olivier, Maillot-Marechal Emmanuelle, Betoulle Stephane, Jaffal Ali, Ait-Aissa Selim, Brion Francois, Thybaud Eric, Hinfray Nathalie, Porcher Jean-Marc (2011). Adverse effects in wild fish living downstream from pharmaceutical manufacture discharges . Environment International , 37(8), 1342-1348 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2011.06.002
Kerambrun E., Sanchez Wilfried, Henry F., Amara R. (2011). Are biochemical biomarker responses related to physiological performance of juvenile sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) caged in a polluted harbour? Comparative Biochemistry And Physiology C-toxicology & Pharmacology , 154(3), 187-195 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2011.05.006
Milinkovitch Thomas, Ndiaye Awa, Sanchez Wilfried, Le Floch Stephane, Thomas-Guyon Helene (2011). Liver antioxidant and plasma immune responses in juvenile golden grey mullet (Liza aurata) exposed to dispersed crude oil . Aquatic Toxicology , 101(1), 155-164 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquatox.2010.09.013


Sanchez Wilfried, Piccini Benjamin, Maillot-Marechal Emmanuelle, Porcher Jean-Marc (2010). Comparison of two reference systems for biomarker data analysis in a freshwater biomonitoring context . Environment International , 36(4), 377-382 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2010.02.006
Hinfray Nathalie, Palluel Olivier, Piccini Benjamin, Sanchez Wilfried, Ait-Aissa Selim, Noury Patrice, Gomez Elena, Geraudie Perrine, Minier Christophe, Brion Francois, Porcher Jean-Marc (2010). Endocrine disruption in wild populations of chub (Leuciscus cephalus) in contaminated French streams . Science Of The Total Environment , 408(9), 2146-2154 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.01.003


Sanchez Wilfried, Porcher Jean-Marc (2009). Fish biomarkers for environmental monitoring within the Water Framework Directive of the European Union . Trac-trends In Analytical Chemistry , 28(2), 150-158 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trac.2008.10.012
Sanchez Wilfried, Porcher J.-M. (2009). Utilisation des biomarqueurs pour la caractérisation de l’état écotoxicologique des masses d’eau / Use of biomarkers for characterisation of water body ecotoxicological status . Techniques Sciences Méthodes , (5), 29-38 . Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1051/tsm/200905029 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00500/61183/


Sanchez Wilfried, Piccini Benjamin, Ditche Jean-Maxence, Porcher Jean-Marc (2008). Assessment of seasonal variability of biomarkers in three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.) from a low contaminated stream: Implication for environmental biomonitoring . Environment International , 34(6), 791-798 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2008.01.005
Sanchez Wilfried, Katsiadaki Ioanna, Piccini Benjamin, Ditche Jean-Maxence, Porcher Jean-Marc (2008). Biomarker responses in wild three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.) as a useful tool for freshwater biomonitoring: A multiparametric approach . Environment International , 34(4), 490-498 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2007.11.003
Sanchez Wilfried, Goin C., Brion F., Olsson P. E., Goksoyr A., Porcher J. M. (2008). A new ELISA for the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.) spiggin, using antibodies against synthetic peptide . Comparative Biochemistry And Physiology C-toxicology & Pharmacology , 147(1), 129-137 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpc.2007.08.007
Sanchez Wilfried, Piccini Benjamin, Porcher Jean-Marc (2008). Effect of prochloraz fungicide on biotransformation enzymes and oxidative stress parameters in three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.) . Journal Of Environmental Science And Health Part B-pesticides Food Contaminants And Agricultural Wastes , 43(1), 65-70 . https://doi.org/10.1080/03601230701735151


Sanchez Wilfried, Ait-Aissa Selim, Palluel Olivier, Ditche Jean-Maxence, Porcher Jean-Marc (2007). Preliminary investigation of multi-biomarker responses in three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.) sampled in contaminated streams . Ecotoxicology , 16(2), 279-287 . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-006-0131-z


Sanchez Wilfried, Palluel O., Lagadic L., Ait-Aissa S., Porcher J. -M. (2006). Biochemical effects of nonylphenol polyethoxylate adjuvant, Diquat herbicide and their mixture on the three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.) . Marine Environmental Research , 62(Suppl.1), S29-S33 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2006.04.028


Deviller Genevieve, Palluel O, Aliaume C, Asanthi H, Sanchez Wilfried, Franco Miguel, Blancheton Jean-Paul, Casellas C (2005). Impact assessment of various rearing systems on fish health using multibiomarker response and metal accumulation . Ecotoxicology And Environmental Safety , 61(1), 89-97 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2004.07.011
Sanchez Wilfried, Palluel O, Meunier L, Coquery Marina, Porcher Jm, Ait-Aissa S (2005). Copper-induced oxidative stress in three-spined stickleback: relationship with hepatic metal levels . Environmental Toxicology And Pharmacology , 19(1), 177-183 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2004.07.003